Dark patches or spots that form on the skin are the hallmark of melasma. It results from melanocyte cells being stimulated to create too much melanin locally.
Sun exposure and hormonal changes are only two of the many causes that can cause hyperpigmentation.
While melasma spots typically don’t need to be treated, there are a variety of home remedies you can attempt to help them diminish and achieve an even-looking skin tone. Self-care practices can also improve the management and prevention of melasma spots.
Depending on the severity of the condition and your skin type, the following home remedies can help minimize and remove melasma patches.
Apply some lemon juice
High levels of vitamin C found in lemon juice can stop the tyrosinase enzyme from working, which will stop the creation of melanin.
- Mix 1–2 tbsp of lemon juice with water. You can also mix in vitamin E.
- Apply the mixture to the affected areas.
- Wash after 15 minutes.
Note: Avoid going outside in the sun after taking this cure because consuming lemon can raise your risk of UV damage. Alternatively, use sunscreen and wear protective clothing.
Melanin synthesis can be effectively controlled by using turmeric to inhibit the tyrosinase enzyme.
- Mix 2 tsp of turmeric powder with some milk and add lemon juice.
- Apply the paste to the affected areas.
- Wash after 20 minutes.
Honey includes polyphenols that have anti-tyrosinase and skin-lightening effects. Manuka, Sardinian, and Thai honey all exhibit these characteristics.
- To make a paste, combine raw, organic, or medical-grade honey with yogurt or lemon juice.
- Apply the paste to the affected areas.
- Wash after 15-20 minutes
Apply aloe vera gel
The active ingredient in aloe vera gel (aloin) has been shown to have skin-lightening effects.
- Apply fresh aloe vera gel to the skin. Wash after 20 minutes.
- Use 2 tbsp of aloe vera gel and 1 tsp of lemon juice to make an aloe vera face mask.
- Buy aloin-based creams available commercially.
Note: Avoid eating the gel and creams because they can cause a variety of negative effects.
Preventive and self-care melasma
1. Use sunscreen every day
The World Health Organization advises using a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher every day. It is advisable to apply a lot of sunscreen at least 20 minutes before going outside, and to reapply it every 2 hours or after swimming, working out, or other physical activity.
Use of sunscreens with zinc oxide and titanium oxide is advised. You can use ointments, creams, lotions, gels, sprays, wax sticks, and gels.
2. Wear sun protection clothing
Always wear long clothes and hats with wide brims to protect your face. You can also protect your hands by wearing cotton gloves.
It is also important to cover up when snow skiing or snowboarding because UV light is stronger in the mountains. Also, snow reflects UV light well, which makes getting a sunburn more likely. It’s best to stay away from these things.
3. Reduce stress
To control your tension, try stress-reduction methods like tai chi, meditation, and aromatherapy. You can take a bath with a few drops of lavender or frankincense essential oil in it.
You can also join melasma support groups to assist manage the skin condition’s associated anxiety and depression.
4. Regular exercise
Daily exercise helps reduce stress levels by removing toxins from the body and balancing the mind.
5. Keep your skin moisturize
It’s important to moisturize your skin to bring back the lipid layer and protect it from damage.
6. Do not wax over melasma areas
Waxing the affected areas can lead to redness of the skin, which can make the problem worse.
7. Include antioxidants in your diet
It’s advised to consume more foods high in antioxidants because sun exposure induces melasma by elevating oxidative stress in the body. Berries, leafy greens, and citrus fruits are a few of these.
Oysters, whole grains, Brazil nuts, and dairy products should all be included in your diet since they contain the antioxidant minerals zinc and selenium. Omega-3 is also a great antioxidant that is present in flaxseeds and freshwater fish. Avocado, asparagus, and spinach all contain glutathione and can help lessen melasma.
Melasma is a typical skin condition that usually doesn’t lead to any major health issues and gradually goes away. However, those who want a skin tone that is consistent may find it annoying.
You can attempt a number of natural treatments to help fade melasma spots. In order to prevent the problem from getting worse, you must also take care of your skin by limiting your exposure to the sun. Consult a dermatologist if you are concerned about the appearance of your melasma spots because they can lower your self-esteem and confidence.